INARS was a division (Analytical Research Division) of BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka from 1972-2013. ARD was strengthening by Bangladesh Environmental Technology Verification-Support to Arsenic Mitigation (BETV-SAM) project from 2004-2009. Finally, ARD was upgraded to Institute of National Analytical Research and Service (INARS) through an Annual Development Project (2010-2013). INARS started as a unique institute under BCSIR in 04 October 2016.

Institute of National Analytical Research and Service (INARS) provide analytical services alongside its research activities. Major Field of research activities of the Institutes are Analytical Chemistry, Environmental Sciences and Natural Products Chemistry. The scientists of the Institute are also engaged with Medicinal Plant research for standardization of herbal drug preparation and formulation, Method development, Method validation and expansion of analytical scope for accreditation. To fulfill the international and national regulatory, trade and export requirement from importing markets under WTO agreements all the testing laboratories should have accreditation certification as per international standards ISO/IEC 17025:2005. To meet these requirements INARS earned ISO/IEC 17025:2005 standard accreditation certificate on 34 (thirty four) water quality parameters by National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL), India. The ultimate objective of this Institute to contribute to growth of industrialization and reduction of poverty by assisting trade, export import business with reliable, accurate and traceable testing service as well as conformity assessment infrastructure support service for the development, strengthening and diversification of production and export base of Bangladesh.