Instruments procured for Institute of National Analytical Research and Services:
- 400 MHz FT-NMR
NMR has become a sophisticated and powerful analytical technology that has found a variety of applications in many disciplines of scientific research, medicine, and various industries.Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy is a non-destructive analytical technique that is used to probe the nature and characteristics of molecular structure. A simple NMR experiment produces information in the form of a spectrum, which is able to provide details about:
- The types of atoms present in the sample
- The relative amounts of atoms present in a sample
- The specific environments of atoms within a molecule
- The purity and composition of a sample
- Structural information about a molecule, including constitutional and conformational isomerisation
A matured technique forstructure elucidation,
Chemical composition determination,
Formulations investigation, Raw materials
fingerprinting, Mixture analysis, Sample purity
determination, Quality assurance and control,
Quantitative analysis, Compound identification
and confirmation, Analysis of inter- and
intramolecular exchange processes, Molecular
characterization, Reaction kinetics examination,
Reaction mechanism investigation.
Bruker, 400MHZ NMR
- Gas-Chromatography with FID, ECD, NPD and Mass Spectrometer
Shimadzu GC2010 Plus & GC-MS QP 2010 Ultra
The Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) instrument separates chemical mixtures (the GC component) and identifies the components at a molecular level (the MS component). It is one of the most accurate tools for analyzing environmental samples. The GC works on the principle that a mixture will separate into individual substances when heated. The heated gases are carried through a column with an inert gas (such as helium). As the separated substances emerge from the column opening, they flow into the MS. Mass spectrometry identifies compounds by the mass of the analyte molecule. Mass spectrometry is considered the only definitive analytical detector.
- Identification and quantification of volatile and semi volatile organic compounds, Essential oil, Poly Aromatic hydrocarbon(PAH), Pesticides residue etc. in complex mixtures
- Determination of molecular weights and elemental compositions of unknown organic compounds in complex mixtures
- Structural determination of unknown organic compounds in complex mixtures both by matching their spectra with reference spectra
- Quantification of pollutants in drinking water, wastewater, fish, feed, vegetables, fruits, soiletc.
- Quantification of drugs and their metabolites in blood and urine for both pharmacological and forensic applications
- Identification of unknown organic compounds in hazardous waste dumps
- Identification of synthetic reaction products
- Analysis of industrial products for quality control
- Binary Gradient High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
HPLCis a separation techniquethat involves: The injection of a small volume of liquid sample into a tube packed with tiny particles (3 to 5 micron (μm) in diameter called the stationary phase)where individual components of the sample are moved down the packed tube (column) with a liquid (mobile phase) forced through the column by high pressure delivered by a pump.These components are separated from one another by the column packing that involves various chemical and/or physical interactions between their molecules and the packing particles.These separated components are detected at the exit of this tube (column) by a flow through device (detector) that measures their amount. An output from this detector is called a “liquid chromatogram”.
Application:HPLC is used for chemistry and biochemistry research analyzing complexmixtures, purifying chemical compounds, developing processes for synthesizingchemical compounds, isolating natural products, or predicting physical properties. It is also used in quality control to ensure the purity of raw materials, to control and improve process yields, to quantify assays of finalproducts, or to evaluate product stability and monitor degradation.In addition, it is used for analyzing pollutants/preservatives/pesticides residue in water, waste water, food, fish, feed, fruits, vegetables etc.
- CHNS/O Elemental Analyzer
Application:Elemental analysis is a process where a sample of soil, waste or drinking water, bodily fluids, minerals, chemical compound is analyzed for its elemental and isotopic composition. Elemental analysis is used for qualitative (determining what elements are present), and for quantitative (determining how much of each are present). Elemental analysis also used for determination of the mass fraction of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and heteroatoms (X) (halogens, sulfur) of a sample. This information is important to help determine the structure of an unknown compound, as well as to help ascertain the structure and purity of a synthesized compound.
Elementar, Vario Micro cube
- Auto Analyzer for cations, anions, radicals for drinking water and waste water
Application: Quantitative analysis of solid,
liquid samples for cations, anions, radicals
Drinking and waste water analysis for pollutants
and other constituents
Determination of water chemistries in aquatic
- Total Nitrogen Analyzer
Total Nitrogen Analyzer is designed to measure total nitrogen concentrations over a wide range of sample types quickly and accurately. It is particularly applicable in the manufacture ofchemicals, petrochemicals, food andbeverages.
Application: To estimate total nitrogen in waste water, industrial process water, drinking water, ground water, surface water, food, fish, feed, soil etc.
Euro vector, EA 3017
- FT-IR Spectrophotometer with smart accessories
FTIR is an effective analytical tool for identification
of unknowns, sample screening and profiling
samples. The FTIR measuring principle is a
measurement with IR light.FTIR is a technique
which is used to obtain an infraredspectrum of
absorption, emission, photoconductivity or
Raman scattering of a solid, liquid or gas.
An FTIR spectrometer simultaneously collects
spectral data in a wide spectral range.
Application:It is used to identify unknown
materials, determinationof the quality/consistency
of a sample and also determination of the amount
of components in a mixture. Shimadzu, iR Affinity 1
- Moisture Analyzer
Moisture analyzer is used to measure the percentage of water in a sample. This information is useful to determine whether the material is ready for use, unexpectedly wet or dry, or otherwise in need of further inspection. This ultimately leads to produce a good quality product.
Application: To determine the moisture content of sample.
- Flame Photometer
Flame photometer is a spectrophotometer in which a
spray of metallic salts in solution is vaporized in a
very hot flame and subjected to quantitative analysis
by measuring the intensities of the spectral lines of
the metals present
Application: The Flame Photometer is designed for the
routine determination of sodium, potassium, calcium,
barium, and lithium concentration.
- Digital Polarimeter
A Polarimeter is an optical instrument used to measure the angle that plane-polarized light passes through a given sample. Light passes through the polarizer, causing light to polarize along a plane. This polarized light passes through the test sample, and an analyzer or sensor determines the amount of change in the polarized light’s orientation.
Application: It is used to calculate the purities of substance such as foods, pharmaceuticals, sugar and sweeteners, essentials oils, flavors and fragrances and chemicals.
- Refrigerated Centrifuge
Refrigerated centrifuge separates two or more liquids
in a mixer by rotation in a container so that the lighter
density liquid rises to the top. It is necessary to centrifuge
samples in refrigerated conditions to ensure sample
Application: To centrifuge sample or solution at very low
Temperature (upto -200C) for separating very fine particles
- Melting Point Apparatus
Application: Melting point apparatus is used to determine the melting point of solid substance for purity of crystalline solids.
- Water Distillation Plant with Deionizer
Application: To removeorganic and inorganic particulates
from tap water by distillation process and to purify the
distilled water to prepare de-ionized water for using HPLC,
LC-MS, GC-MS, ICP-MS etc.
Freshman 4 and Select Neptune
- Multiwave digester
Application: To digest sample (solid, liquid, soil, fish, feed, food, vegetables etc.) by microwave for further analysis.
- Centrifuge machine
Application: It is used in chemistry, biology and
biochemistry laboratories for isolating and separating
suspensions of proteins, chemicals, etc. They vary in
speed and capacities.
- Ultrasonic Bath
Application: It is used for sample, standard preparation. It is also used to clean many different objects.
DK 156 BP
Application: To incubate sample at constant
Particular temperature and time.
Bio, BCR 60
Application: To shake, disintegrate and homogenate the sample for further analysis
- Vortex mixer
Application: To mix sample and solvent
- Heating Mantle
Application: To heat, dry and digest the sample.
- UV lamp
Application: Identification of natural products
compound, synthetic compound etc.on TLC
plate using short and long wavelength.
Fisher Scientific, LCF-445
Application: To dry sample using heat at desired temperature and time
Binder, ED 53
- Fume hood
Application: To handle acid, base and volatile
substance in safe condition.
Biobase, FH 1200
- Hot plate with magnetic stirrer
Application: To mix samples by stirring with solvent uniformly at high temperature or at room temperature.
- Analytical Balance
Application:To weigh sample or chemical very
precisely (0.1 mg – 210 gm)
- Rough Balance
Application: To weigh sample or chemical roughly.
- Eight channel micropipette
Application:Simultaneously measure and
dispense solvents and samples accurately at very
- Single channel micropipette
Application:To measure and dispense solvents and samples accurately at very low volume.
Application: To control and maintain
the humidity of the machine room.
White Washington, WDR 520
- Humidity meter to monitor the laboratory room condition
Application: To monitor the humidity and temperature of the machine room.
CEM, DT -615
- Glassware cleaning machine
Application: To washlaboratory glassware mechanically
to make ready to use in laboratory.
- Freeze dryer with methanol bath
Application: To concentrate and dryness of the sample for further analysis.
- Rotary vacuum evaporator
Application: To recover solvents by evaporation
Using vacuum at low temperature without loosing
the properties of the analyte.
- Microbiological Lab setup
Application: For preparation of microbiological sample.
Labguard, NU 440SX
- Grinding machine
Application: To grind research and testing
sample for further analysis
J.P Selecta, TR-20
Application: To record the laboratory and sample temperature.
- Muffle furnace
Application: To ignite sample for making ash
upto 12000C for further analysis.
Witeg GmbH, FHP-14
Application: Uninterrupted power supply for scientific equipments.